Line-of-Sight-Polarized Wide-Band Mimo Measurements at 2-5 GHz
Keywords:Spatial correlation, polarization, multi-input multi-output (MIMO), Non line of sight (NLOS), Line of sight (LOS), Capacity.
A short- range line of sight (LOS) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channel transfer function was measured for a 4x4 system between 2.0 and 5.0 GHz. Measurements were made for a fixed antenna spacing of 2? for all the four antenna polarizations in an indoor environment. Capacity and spatial correlation were investigated and the maximum mean capacity loss of 7.18% was realized when the orientation of the receiving and the transmitting antenna arrays were transformed from co-polar to cross-polar configuration. Furthermore, a validity test was conducted and the empirical distribution was found to be the same and within the theoretical values.