In Vitro Antiplasmodial Activities of Crude Extracts of Carissa edulis, Azadirachta indica, Cassia siamea and Harrisonia abyssinica against Plasmodium falciparum

  • Oduor, P. L., Muleke, C. I. and Shivairo, S. R.
Keywords: Antiplasmodial, Plasmodium falciparum, Phytochemicals, Methanolic extracts, Aqueous extracts

Abstract

The emerging resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to chloroquine and sulfadoxine pyrimethamine drugs in Kenya has necessitated the need to look for new more effective antimalarial drugs. This study investigated the in vitro antiplasmodial activities of methanolic and aqueous crude extracts of Carissa edulis, Azadirachta indica, Cassia siamea and Harrisonia abyssinica on Plasmodium falciparum strains. Drug assays were conducted using SYBR Green 1 dye. Two Reference Plasmodium falciparum strains, 3D7 and W2 were assayed against two anti-malarial conventional drugs and crude extracts of Carissa edulis, Azadirachta indica, Cassia siamea and Harrisonia abyssinica to generate 50% inhibitory concentrations of chloroquine, mefloquine, methanolic and aqueous extracts. These extracts have potential for antimalarial activities that can be used to develop pure compounds for prospective antimalarial molecules for therapeutic uses. Methanolic and aqueous extracts of Carissa edulis, Azadirachta indica, Cassia siamea and Harrisonia abyssinica demonstrated in vitro antiplasmodial effect on the two Plasmodium falciparum strains. These findings support the hypothesis that these plants have antiplasmodial activities against Plasmodium falciparum strains through the active phytochemicals found in them. The extracts from these plants therefore have the potential to be harnessed for anti-malarial drug development.

Author Biography

Oduor, P. L., Muleke, C. I. and Shivairo, S. R.
  1. Department of Biological Sciences, Egerton University,
  2. Department of Clinical studies, Egerton University, P. O. Box 536-20115, Egerton, Kenya.

Corresponding author: leonardoduor14@gmail.com +254722 809 075 or +254719 350 147

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Published
2019-05-09
How to Cite
Oduor, P. L., Muleke, C. I. and Shivairo, S. R. (2019). In Vitro Antiplasmodial Activities of Crude Extracts of Carissa edulis, Azadirachta indica, Cassia siamea and Harrisonia abyssinica against Plasmodium falciparum. Egerton Journal of Science and Technology, 16(1-139). Retrieved from https://eujournal.egerton.ac.ke/index.php/EJ/article/view/27
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Published Articles