Epidemiological Factors Determining Clinical Malaria in the Highlands of Western Kenya

Case Study of Iguhu Location

  • Egerjst Egerton University
  • Essendi, M.W. Egerton University
Keywords: Clinical malaria, Epidemiological factors, Western Kenya

Abstract

This paper reports findings on the prevailing “epidemiological factors that determine occurrence of clinical malaria in the highlands of western Kenya, a case study of Iguhu location. In this study, the risk factors associated with clinical malaria in western Kenya highlands were evaluated. A simple household survey of existing clinical malaria cases and their age-matched cohorts  was undertaken to collect information on the potential exposure factors and prevailing socio-economic status. Mosquito samples were harvested from participants’ houses for identification and cataloging. The differences in parasite and vector populations in clinical malaria cases and controls were determined using the “t-test”.  The results showed that sex, age, household population, education level and occupation status of the household head were  not significant determinants for clinical malaria in the area of study. These was in contrast, to  families whose spouses were employed and educated to tertiary level that exhibited  lower infections rates   since they had used  insecticide treated nets (ITNs) prophylaxis and mosquito prevention measures. These significantly reduced the disease incidence suggesting that socio economic factors played a role in the ailment control. These findings show that clinical malaria incidence in western Kenya highlands is likely to be influenced by both biotic and abiotic factors including parasite and vector densities suggesting that any successful eradication program should be directed towards prevailing local conditions in a given area.

Author Biography

Essendi, M.W., Egerton University

Essendi, M.W.1*, Shivairo, R.S.2, Muleke, C.I.2, Yaw Afrane3, and
Odhiambo, R.O.1.
1Biological Sciences Department. Egerton University. P. O. Box 536 – 20115
Egerton, Kenya. Email: supeck@yahoo.com
1Biological Sciences Department. Egerton University. P. O. Box 536 – 20115
Egerton, Kenya.
2Department of Animal Sciences. Egerton University. P. O. Box 536 – 20115
Egerton, Kenya.
3Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI)
Received: 8th May., 2011; Revised: 20th Sep., 2012; Accepted: 5th Oct., 2012

Published
2012-04-23
How to Cite
Egerjst, & M.W., E. (2012). Epidemiological Factors Determining Clinical Malaria in the Highlands of Western Kenya. Egerton Journal of Science and Technology, 12(1-179). Retrieved from https://eujournal.egerton.ac.ke/index.php/EJ/article/view/4
Section
Published Articles

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